The European Men-Who-Have-Sex-With-Men Web Survey

The European Men-Who-Have-Sex-With-Men Web Survey

The EMIS System. EMIS-2017 – The European Men-Who-Have-Sex-With-Men Web Survey. Key findings from 50 nations. Stockholm: European Centre for infection Prevention and Control; 2019.

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This report presents an analysis that is comprehensive of link between a 2017 study among males who’ve intercourse with males (MSM). In line with the reactions of some 128 000 individuals in European countries, it gives insights on the understanding of HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmitted infections (STI), sexual behaviour, prevention needs and evaluating practices.

Executive summary

Intercourse between guys continues to be the prevalent mode of HIV transmission in the EU/EEA nations, where in fact the very very first indications of a decline in reported brand brand new situations lead from the 20% fall in brand new diagnoses among MSM (2015-2017).

The European Men-Who-Have-Sex-With-Men Web Survey (EMIS-2017) gathered comparable information in 33 languages to know modifications as time passes when you look at the behaviour, requirements and interventions impacting HIV incidence among MSM additionally when compared with outcomes through the EMIS study this season. Nearly 128 000 males who possess intercourse with guys from 48 countries in European countries taken care of immediately the internet survey in 2017. The outcome reveal considerable distinctions throughout the countries reflecting Europe’s variety with regards to health that is sexual behavior of MSM.

The outcomes hence offer knowledge according to large-scale, comparable information from across European countries to simply help realize the effect of available avoidance and therapy programmes, such as the influence of appearing and behavioural that is changing and exactly how these factors impact risk behaviour among MSM. The report defines both MSM behavior and requirements, alongside ensuing morbidities, while the value that is likely of solutions to deal with these.

The reaction from 127 792 males that have intercourse with males to a study that concentrated on understanding of HIV and sexually transmitted infections, intimate behavior, access to care, HIV-related stigma plus the usage of solutions for HIV and intimate wellness is a stronger indicator that this team cares about HIV and intimate medical issues. For instance, every 2nd (56%) respondent had gotten an HIV test end up in the past year and nearly half (46%) had tested for any other STI through the same duration. The survey responses helped identifying a variety of needs in this group, as e.g at the same time. 41% associated with the respondents failed to understand that vaccination against hepatitis the and B is advised for MSM.

On the basis of the study outcomes, the report additionally summarises tips about how exactly to deal with identified requirements and gaps. As an example, the writers conclude that nationwide prevention programmes should continue steadily to offer and market comprehensive STI evaluation, tailored into the intimate repertoire of MSM. Reducing the stigma connected with (homo) intimate methods, comprehensive evaluation policies and affordable prices are essential to adequate STI screening.

The study findings try to inform HIV and STI avoidance and care programmes while the data that are comparable tabs on nationwide progress in this region.

EMIS-2017 ended up being performed by Sigma analysis (London School of Hygiene and medicine that is tropical as an element of European studies and Training to boost MSM Community wellness (ESTICOM). ESTICOM had been a project that is three-year2016-2019) funded because of the European Commission wellness Programme 2014-2020 through a tender because of the people, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency (Chafea). The tender asked for proof concerning the health that is sexual of males, bisexual guys along with other males who’ve intercourse with guys across Europe.

A well known home pet that originated from Central Australia, a beardie is a kind of lizard that typically lives in desert lands, shrublands, and woodlands. All bearded dragons are created with prominent feminine traits, rendering it hard to set a lady and a male dragon that is bearded.

Nevertheless, differences between the 2 genders are more distinct while the lizard completely matures. This short article provides information about the distinctions between your two.

Information

A male dragon that is bearded distinct characteristics and faculties that only appear in the long run. A bearded dragon’s gender can only be determined once the lizard fully matures since newborn bearded dragons display prominent female features.

Physically, a male beardie has a larger and a wider end, which includes two notable bumps for each part. Men often expose their beard for 2 reasons that are main 1) as a kind of courtship and 2) being a protection procedure. Since male dragons that are bearded territorial in the wild, they bob their minds, puff their throats and show their beard to show superiority or violence towards a observed hazard.

A male beardie (left) vs a feminine beardie (right)

A female beardie, having said that, has a smaller and a slimmer end which includes a noticeable bump during the main part. Due to the fact title suggests, bearded dragons, including females, are distinct due to their beard or spikes.

Female dragons that are bearded off their beard when they are either mating or warding off prospective predators. These are generally less aggressive than their male counterparts, in addition they typically wave their arms as an indication of distribution when a superior feminine is inside their vicinity.

Male Bearded Dragon vs Female Beardie

So what’s the essential difference between a male and a female beardie?

You can find distinct differences when considering a male and a feminine dragon’s tail that is bearded. The end of male bearded dragons has two bumps regarding the underside, while a feminine bearded dragon’s end just has one bump in the portion that is middle. a tail that is female’s tiny and slender while a male’s end is larger and wider.

Both sexes utilize their beards for either mating or aggression that is displaying. However, men usually expose their beard as a type of courtship, while females utilize their beard to reduce the chances of predators that are potential.

Additionally, male bearded dragons are territorial in general. When they are threatened by an invader, they puff their throats, bob their heads and open their mouths to appear more intimidating. Female bearded lizards, by comparison, are less aggressive. They often times wave their hands as an indicator of distribution.

Male and female dragons that are bearded skilled at searching holes, however they use these holes for various purposes. While male dragons that are bearded holes to hibernate, females primarily dig holes to lay their eggs.

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